1)Compare CIA intervention in Guatemala and Iran to Eisenhower's handling of the Suez Crisis? Did the US act justly and according to its values? What were the motivations in each case? Which one do you think was handled better and why?
-In Iran and Guatemala, the US used covert actions to achieve their goal, but in Suez Crisis Eisenhower used diplomacy to influence foreign policy. The US did not act justly in Iran and Guatemala. It arrested Iranian premier Mohammad Mosaddeq just because he nationalized British-owned oil fields, and it also ousted Guatemalan president, Jacob Arbenz Guzman, merely because he tried to redistribute land among the rural poor, which the US suspected was sympathetic to communism. Both cases provoked anti-American feeling in the regions. During Suez Crisis however, the US solved the problem peacefully supporting a UN resolution that called for an immediate cease-fire. It also issued the Eisenhower Doctrine which offered military aid to any Middle Eastern nation seeking help in resisting Communist aggression. The motivation for all these cases was to weaken the power of Russia and communist, but the Suez Crisis was handled much better because it left no anti-American feelings since the US solved the problem without using military power.


2) What was the significance of the Gary Powers incident on page 850?
-During the time, the diplomatic relations were improving between the US and the Soviet Union, and Premier Khrushchev and President Eisenhower agreed to meet at a summit conference in Paris to discuss arms reductions. However, the Gary Powers incident occurred just before the summit was to begin. Khrushchev was furious and refused to meet with Eisenhower again. The incident caused the brief thaw in the Cold War to end.